Sunday, May 24, 2020

Horizontal Violence Against Nurses During Workplace

Horizontal Violence against Nurses in Workplace Cyron Christian Viado Ryerson University Family and Violence CSOC 502 Dr. Maria Wallis June 9, 2015 Horizontal Violence against Nurses in Workplace The primary purpose of health care is to serve the patients’ physical, emotional, and spiritual needs. However in a recent news headline in Vancouver Sun newspaper in February 24, 2015 tackle the stories entitled: B.C. nurses to begin filing charges against violent and aggressive patients. It stated that nurses are tired of being kicked, punched and slapped. Nurses are tired for the government and health authorities to take action that leads them the need to protect themselves to get more harm. Such incidents is one of the many example of†¦show more content†¦Literature Review Horizontal violence is a hidden pattern of individual behavior in controlling other individual that risk health and safety (Hinchberger, 2009). According to Roche, Duffield and Catling-Paull, violence can be describe as emotional abuse, threat, or actual violence in any health care setting. Although the definition varies according to situations and practice settings, there is agreement that workplace violence has a negative impact on the health and wellbeing of nurses and the delivery of quality nursing care (Hinchberger, 2009). Violence mostly occur in any health care setting, However, it mostly occur in emergency department, waiting room, psychiatric ward and geriatric unit on which people involved psychological situations. Workplace violence commonly occurs between nurses, between nurses and patient, between nurses and families, or even between nurses and physician. Violence from relatives and friends of patients may occur as a result of frustration with a perceived lack of care or communication (Roche 2010). According to Woefle and McCaffrey there two consequences of violence (physical and psychological) for nurses and organization. Physical by the mean nurses can possibly experience weight loss, cardiac palpitation, stress, hypertension and irritable bowel syndrome. Psychological by the means of being mentally dr ain of nurses that can cause danger in giving a quality care. According to the three articles it is

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Hiv Is A Human Immunodeficiency Virus - 1721 Words

Picture this: a young child who is very skinny, ribs and all other bones are showing through the skin, they are born with HIV. it then leads to AIDS, due to their parents. HIV is a Human Immunodeficiency Virus. If HIV is left untreated, it can lead to AIDS, which is an acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. In Nigeria, Africa millions of people have the disease of AIDS and HIV. There is not many treatment options or solutions for this serious issue that takes place all over the country. There are a few aspects one must understand about this movement to fully understand its importance, whether those are what exactly HIV/AIDS is and how deadly it actually is, how potently it is actually affecting Nigeria and other countries, and what can be†¦show more content†¦HIV is not only spread through sexual contact. Sex workers are another common way for people to carry the disease. The majority of the people do not know their HIV or AIDS status. There are many solutions that may have wor ked in the past, but with a twist to this solution of people living with AIDS and HIV. For the people who do not know their HIV and AIDS status, at home tests would allow them to test themselves. This would give individuals the knowledge of what their own status is if they were HIV positive or HIV negative. If the people were more educated about their health and disease, these problems would not be so bad in Africa. Another way to treat these people with the disease is by medications and antibiotics. In the United States, they are using many medications to fight HIV infection. The medication they are using is called Antiretroviral therapy, also known as ART, this medication is not a cure. Although it does control the virus so they can live and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others, from the â€Å"Overview of HIV Treatments† (2015), they state that, These HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying (making copies of itself), which reduces the amount of HIV in your bod y. Having less HIV in your body gives your immune system a chance to recover and fight off infections and cancers. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off infections and cancers (para.Show MoreRelatedHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1359 Words   |  6 PagesThis paper explores the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The virus has infected two million adults and children by the year 2005 already. The virus continues to race around the world, and new HIV infections are at 50,000 per year (Martine Peeters, Matthieu Jung, Ahidjo Ayouba) (2013). The final outcome of the HIV infection is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). There are many treatments that have developed to help the large numberRead MoreHiv And Human Immunodeficiency Virus Essay1208 Words   |  5 PagesHIV has been a pandemic that has affected the world relentlessly for many years in a never-ending c ircle. HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is the virus that is spread through certain bodily fluids and can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). HIV attacks the immune system by destroying CD4+ T cells, which leaves the person infected with HIV vulnerable to other infections, diseases, and other complications.1 Once this virus is acquired, the human can never fully rid itself of thisRead MoreHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )884 Words   |  4 Pages(2010), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that affects the human immune system, leading to a chronic, progressive sickness that leaves people susceptible to opportunistic infections. When the body no longer can fight or resist infections, the condition is at this point referred to as AIDS, which means Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Averagely, it has been found to take more than ten years to develop from initial infection of HIV to AIDS. Though simple in description, HIV and AIDSRead MoreThe Human Immu nodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )862 Words   |  4 Pagesshown that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of AIDS. More than 33.4 million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus today. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a virus similar to that of the flu or common cold. The differentiating factor is that with the flu and cold, your body will eventually clear the virus out of your system, but with the HIV virus, the immune system cannot clear it. Getting HIV means you have it for life. The virus immediately beginsRead MoreThe Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )948 Words   |  4 PagesThe Uses of Blood by the HIV Virus Blood-borne diseases have contributed greatly to poor health outcomes among individuals and communities. Though blood fulfills various functions to ensure our survival, it can also act as the mechanism through which we become diseased. Understanding the characteristics of such infectious diseases is essential to preventing further cases. In this paper I will discuss how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) uses blood to cause illness within the infected individualRead MoreHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1261 Words   |  6 PagesHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become more commonly seen in the world. It is important to show compassion rather than judging that patient based on a virus. The hygienist plays an important role in making the patient feel comfortable and in a judgment free environment. The patient should not feel as if the disease or virus defines the overall character of the patient. Standards precautions are still the same when treating all patients with or without a compromisingRead MoreHiv And Human Immunodeficiency Virus1205 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is HIV? HIV is a fatal disease which stands for â€Å"Human Immunodeficiency Virus† it is a failure to the immune system to protect the body from any infections. This virus causes a condition called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. When HIV is left untreated it leads to another disease called â€Å"AIDS†. It can occur in any age, race, sex or sexual orientation. The highest risk of contracting HIV is having unprotected sex and sharing needles with others. Another factor are people that have STI’s andRead MoreThe Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )980 Words   |  4 Pages The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an immune system disorder that can be contracted through sexual activity as well as other types of contact. (Healthy Living, pg. 79) If left untreated this virus can turn into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the final stage of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). ( AIDS is an incurable progressive disease that causes gradual destruction of CD4 T cells by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (Diseases, pg. 431) A healthyRead MoreHiv, Or Human Immunodeficiency Virus998 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion 1 HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, attacks the human immune system and greatly weakens the body’s ability to fight foreign invaders and infection. HIV first demanded notice in the early 1980s in the United States in homosexual men displaying illnesses like Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma. The disease was soon observed in IV drug users, hemophiliacs, and blood transfusion recipients, but became publicized as a â€Å"gay disease,† nicknamed by the media as GRID, or Gay-RelatedRead MoreHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1349 Words   |  6 Pages Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retro virus that causes AIDs by infecting the T Helper cells of the body’s immune system. The AIDS virus is the final stages of the HIV virus. HIV is a lentivirus genus, which is a subgroup of the retrovirus that causes the AIDS virus. Even with proper treatment, an infected person has a life expectancy of less than ten years.As the virus weakens t he human immune systems, this effectleaves the patient compromised and at risk to opportunistic infections

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Prospects for student Entrepreneurship Free Essays

Entrepreneurship is acquiring impetus as a influential instrument for exhilarating economic growth in the country. This is a commanding educational means of training business professionals regardless of whether they started a new venture or not. Entrepreneurs see business in a more holistic way than do managers, who often see issues in terms of functional domains. We will write a custom essay sample on Prospects for student Entrepreneurship or any similar topic only for you Order Now We live in an increasingly busy world in which the divide between the haves and the have-nots is growing. This requires job creation at rates that are not easily possible for most businesses and Governments. This results in high rate of unemployment among educated youths. This is a major challenge and necessitates Entrepreneurship development programmes. Numbers of countries are pursuing the opportunities to become new hubs of global business activity through innovation. Even though management education emphasizes profit maximization and shareholder value creation, entrepreneurship envisages maximizing common good and minimizing social injustice and environmental impact. Entrepreneurship leadership has three principles. They include Cognitive ambidexterity, social, environment and economic responsibility and sustainability and self and social awareness. Developing cognitive ambidexterity has two logics. They are prediction logic as a traditional approach and creation logic which is a decision approach. An uncertain future can be predicted in the prediction logic whereas creation logic is based on action, discovery and creation. An entrepreneurial leader can use both prediction and creation logics to create new ideas or innovations. Globally entrepreneurial leaders are concerned about social, environment and economic responsibility and sustainability. Individuals and organizations are increasingly being held accountable for the social, environment economic outcomes of their actions. They must understand the inherent tensions and potential synergies that exist among social, environmental and economic value creation. Self and social awareness focuses on developing self and social awareness among the entrepreneurial leaders. It involves critical understanding of themselves and the societal context of business opportunities. Recently as Government of India is giving more thrust to food security and food safety issues, entrepreneurship and innovation management in agriculture/ food processing sectors are emerging as some of the specialization areas in entrepreneurship. Government of India is giving more thrust to food security and food safety issues. Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University had contributed substantially in this regard with special focus on farmer entrepreneurship for food security; the farmers being the primary producers are the key to local economic growth and sustainable agri-food systems, and food security for all. Promoting students with entrepreneurial capacities to create opportunities for muti-stakeholder action would contribute to availability of qualitatively good food and nutrition and market efficiency with sustainable food chains. The University student-focused activities include programmes like ‘earn while you learn’ projects, NSS activities, farm and field visits, educating students in cultivating a startup business idea, teaching them basic strategies like estimating costs and writing a project proposal/ business plan etc.Student Entrepreneurship is acquiring momentum across the globe. Government of Kerala have announced a unique Student Entrepreneurship Scheme to encourage entrepreneurship among the Collegiate level Students of the state. Recently taking in to account the importance of the programme Government of Kerala issued separate guidelines for issuing grace marks and attendance to students during ideation stage, teaming and company formation, technology formation and development of business models. As part of the same Technology Business incubator (TBI) can be established at the campuses so that student entrepreneur can associate with the TBI. University should establish Directorate of Entrepreneurship to strengthen this sector. Entrepreneurship division give major emphasis to entrepreneurship development, extension, knowledge dissemination, distance learning and awareness programmes. Rationale of the project: Livestock sector plays an important role in the National economy and in the socio economic development of the country. Livestock production performance has been more impressive than that of food grain production. Milk, egg, meat and fish showed impressive growth rates i.e. 5-10 percent. Livestock represents the only way in which natural vegetation can be converted in to products that can be used by man. This sector has been well knit with the socio-economic fabric of rural economy and plays an important role in the employment and income generation. The major component through which livestock contributes to the agricultural income are milk and milk products, meat and eggs. These products contribute about one-sixth of the calories and one-third of the proteins in the per capita food supplies of the world; the balance comes from vegetable products. Per capita consumption of livestock products is however, four to five times higher in the developed countries than in the developing countries. Presuming that one family member is employed in looking after the livestock, 25 million people are estimated to be employed with livestock rearing activity. Dairying and poultry sector is emerging as one of the important livelihood options. Although India has huge livestock population, in terms of trade it is having only a low impact in the world trade of livestock products. However, it is to be noted that India has tremendous potential to produce and export various livestock products. The high potential of the domestic market coupled with marketing opportunities abroad under WTO regime now render India to an enviable position to cater to the huge global market of livestock products, particularly dairy products. The emergence of India as a net exporter Nation of livestock products is a new trend in exporting group of nations in these products. It is also widely believed that with the ushering in of the agricultural policy reforms in major industrial countries, the demand for livestock products from developing countries, like India, will get a significant boost. India needs innovation in livestock sector to reach the productivity frontier and to use the best sustainable practices for production. The desire for innovation in India has been driven by search for low cost solutions to food security and food safety issues. Innovation is the application of new ideas to solve problems with resultant benefits to different stakeholders. India needs to create 1.5 Crore jobs per year for the next ten years to provide employment to youngsters. In this juncture accelerating entrepreneurship and creating business are crucial for massive employment generation. Government of India is promoting startups to scale up startup ecosystem in the country. Opportunity for startups was unparalled especially in the food processing sector in the country. NASSCOM aims to nurture 10,000 startups in the next 10 years and give a major boost to software product development in India. The Startup Warehouse will provide a well-connected, infrastructure for technology startups and will support entrepreneurs in their early stage of operations as well as act as a hub for innovation, collaboration, and entrepreneurship. Innovation in startup ecosystem depends on ideas, validation process and good partner relationship. Major steps in this process are laying the foundation, creating a challenge book, building participation, experimentation with cost, speedy implementation, building innovation sand box and putting a margin of safety. ? How to cite Prospects for student Entrepreneurship, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Taiwan S 2Nd Democratic Presidential Election Essay free essay sample

, Research Paper Introduction: On Saturday, March 18, 2000, electors will travel to 13,457 ballot booths in the free country of the Republic of China that is Taiwan. Four old ages after their democratic presidential election and with their island s hereafter still unsure, electors in Taiwan will be taking a replacement to current leader Lee Teng-hui. The five presidential campaigners are independent James Soong, the Kuomintang s ( KMT ) Lien Chang, the New Party s Lee Ao, independent Hsu Hsin-liang and the Democratic Progressive Party s ( DPP ) Chen Shui-bian ( Fig.1 ) . But as Taiwan s people prepare to take merely their 2nd popularly elected president and possibly reassign Taiwan s leading to a new party for the first clip in 51 old ages. The three taking campaigners ( Lien Chan, Chen Shui-bian, and James Soong ) have been subdues, their rhetoric mild, and the tone tentative and cautious. The ground is China, 90 stat mis off across the Taiwan Strait ( Fig 2 ) . When the Communists took control of China in 1949, the Patriots under Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan, where they established the Republic of China as a authorities in expatriate and imposed soldierly jurisprudence. China has considered Taiwan a renegade state of all time since and has threatened to utilize force to convey about reunion. Four old ages ago, as Taiwan prepared for its first-ever direct presidential election, China rattled its bantam neighbour and brought U.S. war vessels to the scene by carry oning missile trials in the Taiwan Strait. On February 21, 2000, less than a month before Taiwan s election on March 18, the Chinese struck once more. This clip they announced that foot-dragging on reunion had been added tot he list of things international tampering or a declaration of independency are the others that would trip an onslaught on Taiwan. There are other issues in this twelvemonth s election including corruptness and election, including corruptness and run finance reform, but the issue known as cross-strait relation is far and off the most of import. History of Political Parties in Taiwan: There has been a long history of election in Taiwan. But the democratic reforms in Taiwan have been garnering impulse over the last decennary. Ever since stairss were foremost taken to liberalise and spread out the political procedure, each election has carried political relations on Taiwan stopping points to the end of full democracy. The political parties of the Republic of China are the Kuomintang, Democratic Progressive Party, and the New Party. The Kuamintang ( Nationalist Party ) is the current opinion party of the Republic of China. Having to observe its one hundredth day of remembrance on November 24, 1994, the KMT has widespread entreaty, touting a rank of about 2.1 million. The party was founded as a radical conference dedicated to subverting the Chinese monarchy in 1912 when its leader Sun Yat-sen established the Republic of China after the prostration of the Qing ( Ching ) dynasty. Following Sun s decease in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek assumed control of the KMT and in coaction with the Communists consolidated the authoritiess power throughout China. In 1927, nevertheless, Chiang turned on the Communists, launched and killed 1000s and crushed Communists organized labour brotherhoods, therefore get downing a long annihilating civil war. In the late 1930s the KMT and the Communists reunited to contend the Nipponeses but merely for the continuance of World War II, and in 1945 they were once more contending each other for control of China. After enduring a series of lickings at the custodies of the Communists, Chiang and his Patriots forces fled to Taiwan in 1949. The Kuomintang has maintained a practical monopoly of power on the island of all time sine, keeping about all legislative, executive, and judicial stations. Over the past decennary, nevertheless, it has seen some of its power eroded by the resistance Democratic Progressive Party. The Democratic Progressive Party, formed on Sept. 28, 1986, now has about 200,000 members. The Party s organisational construction closely resembles that of the Kuomintang. The party was established chiefly by household members and defence attorneies of captive dissenters, the DPP became the first political party to dispute the Kuomintang s decennaries long clasp on power. The DPP rapidly support from cultural Taiwanese frustrated by the autocratic regulation of the Kuomintang, whose stalwarts and leaders had fle d from mainland China in 1949 following their ground forces s defence by the Chinese Communists. In its charter the DPP promotes keeping a referendum on independency from China and opposes the Kuomintang s one China s policy. DPP presidential campaigner Chen Shui-bian has pledged, nevertheless, that if elected he will non declare independency for Taiwan unless China invades. The New Party was established in August 1993, shortly before the Kuomintang s 14th National Congress, a group of KMT Young Turks including six legislative Yuan members and one former lawgiver broke off from the party to set up the New Party. The New Party differs from the KMT and the DPP in organisational construction, emphasizing the leading of those keeping public office. At the caput of the party is the National Campaign and Development Committee. The convener of the commission, a place presently filled by Lee-Chian-hua, serves as the leader of the party. In August 1999, the party took about everyone by surprise by put uping the celebrated author Li Ao as its presidential campaigner for the 2000 presidential election. Campaigners Campaign Issues for Three Presidential: Conventional wisdom holds that each of the three major presidential campaigners enjoys certain noteworthy advantages. Former Taiwan Governor James Soong is regarded as the most magnetic. Official Kuomingtang candidate Vice President Lien Chan is backed by his portion s amazing resources. Former Taipei Mayor Chen Shui-bian of the Democratic Progressive Party has a repute for action and dynamism. James Soon s Proposal: James Soon, independent was one time a prima figure in the opinion Kuomintang ( KMT ) , or Nationalist Party. Soong split with the party in November 1999 when he launched his ain run for president. He challenged the KMT s campaigner, Vice President Lien Chan. Soong, one time the director-general of Taiwan s Government Information Office and subsequently pull offing manager for two of Taiwan s countrywide broadcast telecasting web, has sought to distance himself from the policies of the KMT in recent months. More late, from 1993 to 1998, he was governor of Taiwan Province. He has proposed a 30 twelvemonth non-aggression treaty with Beijing. That would be followed by a 20- twelvemonth quasi-international agreement between Taiwan and mainland China modeled after the European Union, after which referendum would be held on independency. Soon has besides proposed naming on all-party conference to construct a national consenous on stairss to take in bettering dealingss with China. Soong enj oyed a lead in the polls until late Feb. , when the KMT filed a case avering Soong of defalcating $ 12 million from the party leader. Soong denied the accusal. James Soong s Position: ( Fig.3 ) Soong has suggested that Taiwan and China engage in a quasi-international relationship similar to the European brotherhood, but China is non interested. Although he was born in China and has supported reunion in the long term, Soong besides has recommended that Taiwan arm itself with pigboats that could establish work stoppages at China s airdromes and seaports. Popular, magnetic and at one clip an effectual provincial governor, Soong has led the polls throughout much of the run. He has besides been the focal point of another issue: corruptness. When the KMT failed to do him its presidential campaigner, Soong bolted the party and began runing as an independent. Stung by his disloyalty, Lien and Lee have likened Soong to Adof Hitler and Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos. They besides accused him of defalcating $ 11.7 million I n the party financess. Meanwhile, Democratic Progressive Party campaigner Chen Shui-bian has accused the KMT of black gold ( literally term: graft and mobster ) politics- utilizing its concerns ( from petrochemical to karaoke bars ; assets of $ 3.8 billion ) to act upon local political relations, concern and even organized offense. But Soong has denied the charges several times. He says the money came from political parts and that he was entrusted by President Lee to transport out party undertakings. Among the undertakings, Soong says, was back uping the household of the late Chiang Ching-kuo Chiang Lai-shek s boy and successor- who regulations Taiwan when it was under soldierly jurisprudence. Soong has offered to refund the KMT more than $ 8 million, but the party has refused to accept the money. After the charges were leveled in late 1999, Soong s popularity dipped significantly. Even so, the latest polls show he still enjoys a little lead over Chen. Lien Chan s Proposal and Position: ( Fig.4 ) Lien Chan, Kuomintang ( Nationalist Party ) is the handpicked replacement of President Lee Teng-hui and is the hope of the opinion Kuomintang, or the Nationalist Party, to cleaving to its 50- twelvemonth hold- on power. Lien, who was premier under Lee from 1993 to 1997, has besides served as governor of Taiwan Province, foreign personal businesss curate and curate of transit and communicating. Lien has pledged to better contacts with China and says he favors opening direst trade and postal and air links with the chief land. He besides promises to force for regular acmes between the two sides. Lien culls, nevertheless, the Beijing authorities s one state, two systems theoretical account for reunion under which Hong Kong and Macau reverted to Chinese regulation in 19997 and 1999. He endorses President Lee s policy of demanding an equal state-to-state relationship with China, a position that has enraged the Beijing authorities. Lien is crusty, distant, and stiff, and trails Soong and Ch en in the sentiment polls. Although he could be expected to go on Lee s policies, he has non repeated Lee s state-to-state comment and has suggested a peace zone in the Taiwan Straight. He has besides recommended Taiwan expand its defence capablenesss by developing long-range missiles. Lien says the Beijing has to confront the world and work together to work out solutions. Beijing has to confront the world and work together to work out solutions. Taiwan is merely naming attending to the world of the two sides bring governed over the past 50 old ages. Chen Shui-bian s Proposal and Position: ( Fig.5 ) Chen Shui-bian, Democratic Progressive Party is known for his protagonism of independency. Chen late softened his patriot run talk and now promotes constructing closer path ties with chief land China. Chen would neither declare independency nor alter the official name of Taiwan-unless it was invaded. He promises he will non convey Taiwan to the threshold of war. Like fellow presidential rival Lien Chan, Chen supports set uping transporting links with China and perchance later raising limitations on direct flights tot he mainland. He says he would see leting Taiwan Bankss to open subdivisions in China. He would take to restart cross-strait dialogues and would open to discoursing the one China policy, so long as it was non pre-condition for duologue. Chen would seek to see China after the presidential election and before his startup if elected. Similarly, he would ask for Chinese leaders to see Taiwan. Chen says that unless China efforts to utilize force, the DPP will neer declare the independency of Taiwan one-sidedly, or even name for a referendum on the issue. He stresses that Taiwan has already become an in dependant, autonomous state, so there is no demand to take up the inquiry of whether Taiwan is independent. As city manager of the capital Taipei from 1994 to 1998, Chen gained a repute of being tough on corruptness. He besides became know for his media stunts, which included surprise visits with Television crews to authorities offices to look for functionaries taking unauthorised yearss off. Once a maritime attorney, Chen made his name supporting political dissenters during Taiwan s soldierly jurisprudence epoch, which ended in 1987. Frustrated by seeing his clients repeatedly convicted by the province, Chen entered political relations as a Taipei City Councilor in 1981 and was elected to the Legislative Yuan or parliament, in 1989. Chen called on all of his protagonists to fall in together and do an historic pick: to alter Taiwan s destiny and root out corruptness from political relations. Decision: The three chief presidential contenders- Vice President Lien Chan, the KMT s campaigner, Democratic Progressive Party s campaigner Chen Shui-bian and independent James Soong have played down whatever differences they might hold with the Communists. Lien Chan would wish to research the possibility of constructing better mainland, set uping what he calls a win-win state of affairs between the two sides. James Soong thinks that Taiwan s cardinal place is that Taiwan want to keep peace and stableness across the Taiwan Strait. Chen Shui-bian provinces that the 1s who can normalise dealingss with the mainland with the mainland are non the parties that have had historical differences with China. The KMT-Communist Party difference still exists. The DPP, on the other manus, has no historical luggage. These three major presidential campaigners are all willing to prosecute peace with China, but they are likely to be restrained by two factors: First, the race is so tight that whoever wins will make so by a little border and will non hold a authorization. The new president will therefore hold to make a cross-party consensus before covering with China. Second, the influence of mass sentiment is such that the new president mus t win the assurance of the people before any dialogues. But meanwhile, the polls say that every bit many as 80 per centum of Taiwan s 22 million people do non desire to reunite with China in the foreseeable hereafter, and for obvious grounds. Bibliography 1 ) Chen-yu Lin, The campaigners go tete-a-tete, 2 ) Chen Lauren, Little Rest for the Ambitious, 3 ) Cheng Allen, The Cause of Black Gold, 4 ) Reyes Alejandro and Cheng Allen, Too Close to Name, 5 ) Chieh-yu Lin, Chen Announces his Seven Points, 6 ) Ide William A ; Chieh-yu Lin, Candidates Put Spotlight on Social Welfare, 7 ) Sen-lun Yu, Candidates Chase After Labor Vote, 8 ) Yu-Tzu Chiu, Voter for Lien, Avoid War, Campaign Staff Trumpet, 9 ) Chieh-yu Lin, Change History, Says Chen, 10 ) Christensen John, Taiwan picks a president with China in head, election/stories/overview/index.htm1 11 ) Cheng Allen, Taiwan s Democracy Factor, 12 ) Hwang Annie, New Taiwan Leader May Improve Ties, 13 ) Lin Oliver, Soong Eyes 50-year China Deal, 14 ) Crook Steven, Five Young People Assess the Presidential Candidates, hypertext transfer protocol: // 15 ) Chen Lauren, Soong Hogs China Policy Timelight, 16 ) Wu-veh Chang, Candidates Need to Debate Mainland Policy, hypertext transfer protocol: // 17 ) Election Photo Gallery, hypertext transfer protocol: //

Thursday, April 2, 2020

The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde

The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde is the story which reflects many ideas and themes which are interesting and actual for people in the modern world. Answering the question why Dorian Gray was motivated to adopt his life philosophy and to lead a double life it is possible to look at the facts.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Many people in the society have to lead double lives in many reasons. Sometimes these reasons are rather obvious, people want to hide their private life from public, that is why they are looking for the means to do it. However, there are situations when leading of the double life is presupposed by the desire to hide something that is illegal. The situation with Dorian Gray and his mystic double life is exactly the case. Having killed Basil Hallward, Dorian Gray has nothing to do but to hide his real appearance a nd lead a double life. However, there are also a lot of other hidden reasons for dualism in personal expression. Looking at the history of the novel creation and checking the situation which was in the society, it is possible to predict that sexual orientation of Dorian Gray was one of the reasons for his dual life. However, this reason is not discussed and considered in the novel, even though it is possible to find the lines which prove this point of view, â€Å"Dorian is my dearest friend †¦ he has quite a simple and beautiful nature† and â€Å"all the candour of youth was there as well as all youth’s passionate purity †¦ no wonder Basil worshipped him† (Wilde 33). However, the most important reason for leading such a double life was the murder. Having killed a person, Dorian Gray has to decide for himself whether he has to go to police or to make sure that no one gets to know what he has done. The desire to continue the life he has led before makes Dorian Gray change his vision of the surrounding world. Considering the novel, it is possible to see the whole society in one personality. All people live in this world and they have to hide something. This is the main idea why people wear masks.Advertising Looking for essay on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is impossible to see one person who is trying to live without a mask. Of course, not all people in the society have committed the murders, but all people have the sins they are to hide. These sins may be considered as simple actions by some people and the cruel and unforgivable ones by others. Therefore, to make sure that no one is going to reproach people in their actions, they prefer to hide them and lead a double life. In conclusion, it should be mentioned that those people who wear masks, whose hidden actions are too serious and they are unable to carry them are going to end in the way Dorian Gr ay did It is impossible to lead a double life without constant pricks of conscience. If the reasons people lead a double life are too serious, it is obvious that people will always wait for those who have seen them committing those actions. It is difficult to live under that pressure. The same has happened to Dorian Gray. Even though the novel contains a number of different themes and the double life was not the main reason for Gray’s actions. Therefore, the new philosophy he pursued, the desire to remain unknown in the world he lived in and the same person for him led to the tragic consequences. Works Cited Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Plain Label Books, 2004. Print. This essay on The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde was written and submitted by user Kason W. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

3 Most Common Reasons Women Have an Abortion

3 Most Common Reasons Women Have an Abortion For some, its an inconceivable act, but for others, abortion seems to be the only way out of an unplanned pregnancy and an impossible-to-negotiate future. Numbers show that nearly one in four U.S. women will choose to have an abortion before age 45. According to the Guttmacher Institute, a handful of studies over the years have indicated consistently similar answers from women who identify why theyve chosen to have an abortion. The top three reasons these women cite for not being able to continue their pregnancies and give birth are: Negative impact on the mothers lifeFinancial instabilityRelationship problems/unwillingness to be a single mother What is the rationale behind these reasons that would lead a woman to terminate a pregnancy? What are the challenges and situations women face that make giving birth and raising a newborn an impossible task?   Negative Impact on the Mothers Life Taken at face value, this reason may sound selfish. But a pregnancy that occurs in the wrong place at the wrong time can have a lifelong impact on a womans ability to raise a family and earn a living. Less than half of teens who become teen mothers before age 18 graduate from high school. College students who become pregnant and give birth are also much less likely to complete their education than their peers. Employed single women who become pregnant face an interruption of their jobs and careers. This impacts their earning ability and may make them unable to raise a child on their own. For women who already have other children at home or are caring for aging relatives, the reduction in income resulting from pregnancy and subsequent birth may bring them below the poverty level and require them to seek public assistance. Financial Instability Whether shes a student in high school, paying her way through college, or a single woman earning just enough to live independently, many expectant mothers lack the resources to cover the staggeringly high costs associated with pregnancy, birth, and childrearing, especially if they do not have health insurance. Saving for a baby is one thing, but an unplanned pregnancy places an enormous financial burden on a woman who cannot afford to care for an infant, let alone pay for the necessary OB/GYN visits that will ensure healthy fetal development. Lack of adequate medical care during pregnancy places the newborn at a higher risk for complications during birth and in early infancy. The cost of average hospital birth is approximate $8,000 and prenatal care provided by a physician can cost between $1,500 and $3,000. For the nearly 50 million Americans who do not have insurance, this would mean an out-of-pocket expense of $10,000. Thats if things go well and if its a single, healthy birth. Problems from pre-eclampsia to  premature birth  can send costs spiraling. If those births are included in the average, a birth can cost well over $50,000. According to a 2013 study published by advocacy group Childbirth Connection and reported in  The Guardian, the U.S. is the most expensive place in the world to have a birth.   That figure, coupled with the cost of raising a child from infancy through age 17 (estimated at over $200,000 per child), makes giving birth a terrifying proposition for someone who is still in school, or lacks a steady income, or simply does not have the financial resources to continue a pregnancy with adequate medical care and give birth to a healthy baby. Fear of Being a Single Mother The majority of women with unplanned pregnancies do not live with their partners or have committed relationships. These women realize that in all likelihood they will be raising their child as a single mother. Many are unwilling to take this big step due to the reasons described above: interruption of education or career, insufficient financial resources, or inability to care for an infant due to caregiving needs of other children or family members. Even in situations involving women cohabitating with their partners, the outlook for unmarried women as single mothers in discouraging. Among women in their 20s living with their partners at the time of birth, one-third ended their relationships within two years. Other Most Common Reasons for Abortion Although these are not the primary reasons women choose abortion, the following statements reflect concerns that play a role in influencing women to terminate their pregnancies: I dont want more children or Im done with childrearing.Im not ready to become a mother or not ready for another child.I dont want others to know about my pregnancy or that Im having sex.My husband/partner wants me to have an abortion.There are problems with the health of the fetus.There are problems with my own health.My parents want me to have an abortion. Combined with those reasons previously cited, these secondary concerns often convince women that abortion - albeit a difficult and painful choice - is the best decision for them at this time in their lives. Reasons for Abortion, the Statistics In a study released by the Guttmacher Institute in 2005, women were asked to provide reasons why they chose to have an abortion. Multiple responses were permissible. Of those who gave at least one reason: 89 percent gave at least two72 percent gave at least three Nearly three-quarters said they could not afford to have a baby. Of those women who gave two or more answers, the most common response - inability to afford a baby - was most frequently followed by one of three other reasons: pregnancy/birth/baby would interfere with school or employment.reluctant to be a single mother or experiencing relationship problems.done with childbearing or already have other children/dependents. Women specified these reasons that led to their abortion decision  (percentage total will not add up to 100, as multiple answers were permissible): 74 percent felt having a baby would dramatically change my life (which includes interrupting education, interfering with job and career, and/or concern over other children or dependents).73 percent felt they cant afford a baby now (due to various reasons such as being unmarried, being a student, inability to afford childcare or basic needs of life, etc.).48 percent dont want to be a single mother or [were] having relationship problem[s].38 percent have completed [their] childbearing.32 percent were not ready for a(nother) child.25 percent dont want people to know I had sex or got pregnant.22 percent dont feel mature enough to raise a(nother) child.14 percent felt their husband or partner wants me to have an abortion.13 percent said there were possible problems affecting the health of the fetus.12 percent said there were physical problems with my health.6 percent felt their parents want me to have an abortion.1 percent said they were a victim of rape.0.5 percent became pregnant as a r esult of incest. Sources Finer, Lawrence B. Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives., Lori F. Frohwirth, Lindsay A. Dauphinee, et al., Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 37(3):110–118, The Guttmacher Institute, 2005. Glenza, Jessica. Why does it cost $32,093 just to give birth in America? The Guardian, January 16, 2018. Jones, Rachel K. Population Group Abortion Rates and Lifetime Incidence of Abortion: United States, 2008–2014. Jenna Jerman, The Guttmacher Institute, October 19, 2017. Wind, Rebecca. Why Do Women Have Abortions? The Guttmacher Institute, September 6, 2005.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Enlightment Vs. Romanticism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Enlightment Vs. Romanticism - Essay Example Although they pass common knowledge to the human beings, they differ in their opinions. Keats believes that beauty is a concept that conquers everything in life. He argues that it is good for the authors to argue their opinions based on reality and the reality he emphasizes is the nature and romanticism. He argues that authors should not categorize the earth into different knowledge as he believes that knowledge is just one. On the other hand, Kant emphasizes of reasoning by saying that the world composes different knowledge. This is the primary tool for getting the reality of enlightenment from the society. According to Kant, enlightenment means the release of a man from his self-tutelage. This is where a person is not able to make his own decisions without the influence of other people. Kant therefore, encourages people to think and reason He considers the traditional philosophers as people who could not reason to bring reality into the world. Through his poetry, he thus hopes to end the age where things are speculated without using the reasoning and thinking capabilities. Kant used his poetry to define the enlightenment as a situation where men are released from their self- incurred tutelage and having the courage to reason and air out one’s opinions on a particular issue. Through the poetry, Kant enlightens people on the nature and the reality (Kant, 23). His poetry is very crucial in the society where reasoning is valued as the primary driver of one’s life. He analyzes the previous philosophers as people who could not reason because they were coward. He argues that their coward behavior made them remain unenlightened in the society for quite a lot of time. Furthermore, he says that people in the society are too lazy that they cannot even reason. The people’s laziness has made them not to think and reason beyond the box. The poet is thus important to the society as through his poetry; people become enlightened. People